The risk management and insurance industry employs about 2.6 million people in the U.S. — and that number grows even more when you include people in risk management and insurance functions who work at noninsurance companies.

What do all those people do? Some of their jobs are specific only to insurance, while others can be found in almost any company, but have unique aspects when applied to the risk management and insurance field.

For instance, actuaries, underwriters and claims adjusters are all roles that pretty much only exist in the insurance industry. Actuaries calculate probabilities of future events, underwriters determine what risks are worth insuring, and claims adjusters analyze losses to determine how much people or businesses are owed through their insurance policies.

On the other hand, data scientists, sales agents, marketers, customer service representatives and even risk managers work in all kinds of fields, but they play integral roles in making the insurance and risk management industry function.

Here are some broad categories of careers in the risk management and insurance industry. This isn’t a comprehensive list, but it provides a solid overview of the key areas that make it all happen:

Insurance Career Roles

Actuarial Careers

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Actuarial Careers

You may have never heard of these jobs, but they’re actually some of the best in the country.

Business Operations Careers

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Business Operations Careers

Risk management and insurance needs people to help it run more smoothly and offers all kinds of opportunities for young professionals.

Customer Service Careers

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Customer Service Careers

Customer service representatives are crucial to making the modern insurance and risk management industry function.

Data Science Careers

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Data Science Careers

There aren’t many downsides to a data science career in risk management and insurance. At companies of all sizes, data scientists are fundamentally changing the roles of traditional insurance professions.

Insurance Claims Careers

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Insurance Claims Careers

From adjusters to clerks to inspectors, a wide range of insurance claims careers are available.

Marketing Careers

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Marketing Careers

Insurers have enormous marketing budgets, creating opportunities for all kinds of young marketing professionals.

Risk Management Careers

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Risk Management Careers

Before insurance kicks in, risk managers are there to prevent losses from happening in the first place.

Sales Careers

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Sales Careers

From agents to brokers, salespeople are the rainmakers of the insurance and risk management industry, connecting people and businesses to the insurance policies they need if something bad occurs.

Underwriting Careers

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Underwriting Careers

Underwriters are on top of deciding what should be covered under an insurance policy and how much to charge for it.